Walkie talkies are a handy piece of gear whether you want to send emergency transmissions while out hiking in a remote forest or just play pretend spy games with your kids. Walkie talkies operate on two classes of radio frequencies: FRS and GMRS. The former is more suited for short-distance, light personal use while the latter is intended for commercial use.
In this article, we’re going to be talking about FRS Radio Frequencies:
What Exactly Is FRS
FRS stands for Family Radio Service, and as the name implies, these frequencies are mostly intended to facilitate conversations between friends and families. Hence if you’re playing with your kids, using a baby monitor, hunting with a few buddies or performing any other activity which requires short-range communication, you would use FRS frequencies.
FRS walkie talkies work with frequencies between 462 to 467 megahertz. Probably the most important detail about this part of the radio wave spectrum is that there’s very low interference. This means that not only are your transmission kept private, but you wouldn’t hear annoying crackling or popping static noises either.
To improve the privacy and audio quality of your transmissions even further, you and the rest of your party can invest in privacy codes. Once everyone has their walkie talkies configured to the same privacy codes, you’ll only be able to hear their transmissions. This is quite useful when FRS frequencies become too crowded, for instance during a state-wide emergency due to a hurricane or flooding.
Because FRS frequencies are intended for personal use, you don’t need to purchase a license to use them. However, you must keep away from GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service) frequencies as you need a license to operate those. You could very well be fined by the FCC for unlicensed use.
To sum it up, walkie talkies operate on either FRS or GMRS frequencies. The former is better suited for short distance communication with friends and family and doesn’t require a license from the FCC.